School Bus Transportation A school bus in North America is a type of bus specifically designed, manufactured and used for student transport: carrying students to and from school and school events. School buses provide an estimated 10 billion student trips every year. Each school day in 2013, nearly 468,000 school buses transported 28.8 million children to and from school and school-related activities; over half of the United States K–12 student population is transported by school bus.
Para Transit Transportation Paratransit is recognized in North America as special transportation services for people with disabilities, often provided as a supplement to fixed-route bus and rail systems by public transit agencies. Paratransit services may vary considerably on the degree of flexibility they provide their customers. At their simplest they may consist of a taxi or small bus that will run along a more or less defined route and then stop to pick up or discharge passengers on request. At the other end of the spectrum—fully demand responsive transport—the most flexible paratransit systems offer on-demand call-up door-to-door service from any origin to any destination in a service area. In addition to public transit agencies, Paratransit services are operated by community groups or not-for-profit organizations, and for-profit private companies or operators. Typically minibuses are used to provide paratransit service, but taxis and jitneys are also important providers. Most paratransit vehicles are equipped with wheelchair lifts or ramps to facilitate access.
Fixed Route Transportation Fixed-route services include any transit service in which vehicles run along an established path at preset times. Trains, subways and buses are the most common examples of this type of service. Typically, fixed-route service is characterized by printed schedules or timetables, and designated bus or rail stops where passengers board and deboard. Most cities and some rural areas operate buses along fixed routes because their communities have high population densities, as well as frequently used origins and destinations that are concentrated along main arteries. Many transit services offer express fixed-route services, typically designed with fewer stops so that commuters can reach employment sites quickly.
Fleet Operators Even though private fleets account for more than three-quarters of all commercial vehicles in this North America, they remain nearly invisible. When the general public thinks of Wal-Mart, they think of its big-box stores, not the 6,900 tractors in its private fleet. Coca-Cola is a soft drink, not the operator of more than 17,000 trucks. AT&T is a lot of things to different people these days, but few recognize it as the country’s largest private fleet operator with some 78,000 commercial vehicles. As per 2010 Fleet Owner 500, private fleet ownership still accounts for roughly 13% of all commercial vehicles running in the U.S. Businesses as varied as construction, utility services and retail still rely on their fleets to provide a foundation for profitable operations.
Coach buses A coach (also motor coach, often simply called a bus) is a type of bus used for conveying passengers on excursions and on longer distance intercity bus service between cities—or even between countries. Unlike transit buses designed for shorter journeys, coaches often have a luggage hold that is separate from the passenger cabin and are normally equipped with facilities required for longer trips, including comfortable seats and sometimes a toilet. The term 'coach' was previously used for a horse-drawn carriage designed for the conveyance of more than one passenger, the passengers' luggage, and mail, which is covered for protection from the elements. The term was applied to railway carriages in the 19th century, and later to motor coaches (buses).
Trucking The trucking industry provides an essential service to the American economy by transporting large quantities of raw materials, works in process, and finished goods over land—typically from manufacturing plants to retail distribution centers. Trucks are also important to the construction industry, as dump trucks and portable concrete mixers are necessary to move the large amounts of rocks, dirt, concrete, and other building materials used in construction. Trucks in America are responsible for the majority of freight movement over land, and are vital tools in the manufacturing, transportation, and warehousing industries.